Answer in 3.1 Children’s experience of friendship means a


the following question in no more than 750 words.

can the image below tell us about children’s experiences of play and media

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stated in Significance of Friendship page 112-113 “Children engage in them with
other children, and in many instances,
these children would describe one another as their ‘friends’. Our youngest members of society see their companions at play as
their usual buddies as they are in their pre-gang stage. It is the time which
the more children they can encounter with play stand as the indication to keep
them stay with their playmates. Those with young age consider other children having
the same interest with them as their regular companion until they established a
good relationship of friendship even
though they do not fully understand what ‘friends” means to them.




mentioned in 3.1 Children’s experience of friendship means a psychological understanding

only for adults but for the children’s best benefit. 




to Robert Selman “, He put forward the
hypothesis that the development of children’s conceptions of friendship would
relate closely to the more general development of social understanding, in
other words, the ways in which children
construe, interpret and represent other people’s points of view.”

His hypothesis in the concept of friendship
among children varies from ages of every child. Primarily the level of understanding of
friendship among children is the how beneficial their friends to give them
happiness on their end. The means does not justify the importance yet for these
young members of our society.


on Robert Selman’s different levels of skill in taking a social perspective
among children he viewed the following: 1) Momentary physical playmate; it is the stage among children 3-5 years of age in which it means
the ‘I play with you, you play with me” scenario in every child. Whoever comes
in their way as long as they enjoy the moment of characterization of the play,
they would enjoy it. 2) One-way
assistance; among children of 6-8 years old ages socializes in a win-win situation in which they consider having
friends is a beneficial factor only. That their friend will do good things to
them only as they are in their “psychological gang stage”. It means they are
starting to find out who among their friends would be good to them and not; and
only those who are good that they will keep. 3) Fairweather cooperation;
is a part of their stages in which they
learn to face the little by little the realities of friendship. They argue
they fight, they get jealous of attention and others. Thru these different
emotions that they eventually learn that children start to build emotions to
establish the real importance of friendship as part of their lives. At this age, they can eve declared or determined the
term “best friend” as their best buddy as years go by in their lives. 4) Mutual concern; at this stage as
considered as a final stage of their
childhood they see friendship as part of their individuality and personality.
They see other mutual friends as a bond
of the totality of their personality.


to Selman, he sees children’s friendship
developing in a linear and systematic fashion. It implies
that as the child goes with his or her age his perceptions of the importance of every individual who is
part of their environment matters a lot to each child. Thus, environment explains how conventional and
innovative life to everyone especially to the young ones nowadays. Visual
images play an important role in influencing manner of the relationship between
children and even adults too. What children see serves as their model regardless of the impact it will implicate to the. As they go through their
developmental stages the developmental tasks happen also in which they
familiarize themselves on how to manage lifelong
process not only in terms of friendship but as an individual is managing their socialization aspect in life.




page 118, it was mentioned about the sociological understanding among friends
to children. Playing stands as important role as a tool for
children in socialization. They use play as interactions in finding friends.
The more interactive the games or plays for the children, the more they get the
chance of interaction and finding compatible children of interest that they
consider as their friends.

At some points there are instances like
children does not require the age to be
part of qualification in determining friendships. There are countries where
accountability of friendship has to get along with the compatibility of
beliefs, autonomy and self-knowledge. However, children
may be differently compared friendship.
These are relationships that have to
determine if the childhood playmates would last into a real friendship because there are cases which are not.

Patterns of
friendship appear also due to the fact
that children see it as available at the moment or due to the compatibility.
Like as mentioned in Chapter 3 Children and friendship. There is a friendship that develops due to the neighborhood, friendship along the street,
friendship due to games and play, and also a kind of friendship which is a gender-based
friendship. Children who have preference
friendship with the same sex like boys befriend
with boys and girls befriend with girls.
It simply implies that at early young ages they have preferences for friendships because the young ones are into
the discovery of their ‘SELF”.

However nowadays virtual friends have been
famous also as the rise of the innovation in the media and internet world. The
term society expands into the world of the social media thru different social
networking sites even among the young ones up to their teenage years. Their
addiction to sympathy and voices can be
seen and read thru social media accounts. The main risk is that crimes happen a
lot due to lack of background knowledge thru about others thru social media.
Virtual friends boom even there is a question of credibility among social media

Having friends or establishing friendship
relationship children simply implicates the needs of socialization. It I
somehow related to the symbiotic relationship of human in which starts as they
learn to explore their environment and to discover themselves. Being mentioned
that the relationship among human is comparatively universal with each other.
The age, gender, interests, culture are some of the primary factors in
establishing a relationship and how an individual at very young age interacts with his
environment in the process of learned or acquired social skills.




Woodyer, T. (2013) “Play” in
Bragg, S. and Kehily, M.J. (eds) (2013) Children and young people’s cultural
worlds, Bristol, Policy Press/Milton Keynes, The Open University.


Ash, J. (2013) “New media and
participatory cultures” in Bragg, S. and Kehily, M.J. (eds) (2013)
Children and young people’s cultural worlds, Bristol, Policy Press/Milton
Keynes, The Open University.

Online Resources:

Childhood Socialization