An in our country, Myanmar. The chemical components of

An energy drink is a beverage that claims to increase the drinker’s energy. Some of them may be carbonated while the others are not. Red bull and shark are the most popular drinks in our country, Myanmar. The chemical components of energy drinks are caffeine, B vitamins,
various forms of sugar, and small amounts of guarana,
ginseng, ginkgo biloba extract,
taurine, glucuronolactone and L-carnitine. The major
component, caffeine stimulates the brain to keep
us alert, releasing adrenaline, which then signals the liver
to release stored glucose into the vessels, thus,
tricking our brain to believe that we have more energy
than we really do. Adrenaline raises our heart beats and
dilates the eyes. Energy drinks can cause insomnia
interfering with the ability to perform tasks that need heavy concentration.
Diuretic effect will be triggered also causing dehydration, anxiety
and irritability. Panic attacks and migraine
headaches can also occur from the caffeine withdrawal. Normal people who drink many energy
drinks will have increased heart rates up to an hour later. People with certain heart problems can undergo cardiac arrest after
having too many energy drinks. There is a study which shows
the connection between energy drinks and
cardiac problems. An amino acid, taurine regulates skeletal
muscle contraction and may reduce the damage caused by the exercise.  Another component, glucuronolactone claims to
favor natural defense mechanism of the body but there is no sufficient research
to prove whether this compound is effective in increasing energy. B vitamins are used as coenzymes for vital cell functions. They are needed to transform large amounts of sugar
from energy drinks into energy. Guarana is a tropical fruit rich in caffeine and it
is used to increase energy. However,
since guarana contains caffeine adding it will increase
the overall amount of caffeine in the energy
drinks. Ginseng is
also added in some energy drinks due to
the growing popularity of its effects in certain health tonics but the amount
of ginseng in the energy drinks
is barely noticeable. Ginkgo biloba
extract has been said to possess antioxidant properties.
However, no detailed research has shown that it has an important effect of increasing energy. L-Carnitine, a compound made
in the liver and kidneys, increases fat metabolism, oxygen consumption and also
affects recovery from exercise injury.
Sugars are the basic source of energy in the body, with
glucose being the main carbohydrate that can easily be
oxidized for energy synthesis. However,
exposing too much excess sugar to the body can lead to insulin
insufficiency and obesity. If this continues, the cells
will become unable to secrete sufficient amount of insulin
to maintain normal blood glucose levels. Eventually,
pancreatic cells producing insulin will deteriorate leading to type two
diabetes. Drinking too much energy drinks can result in liver or nerve injury, various cardiovascular
problems, seizures and ultimately death. If a pregnant
woman excessively consumes these drinks, it can lead to many defects in unborn
child and even results in stillborn. While energy drinks may provide short and rapid effects, they are not actually good for our body in the long run.