Absolutism is defined as a government that is ran by a king or queen, who possesses absolute or total control over the society.King Louis XIV and King Louis XVI were perfect examples of absolutist rulers. What they spoke was the law and how the society was ruled. The King’s used the political idea that they received their power directly from God, and are responsible to only God for their actions. This essentially caused the people to believe that the King was here to represent God himself. Absolutism is mainly known for causing great loss to law, government systems, education, choice of religion, research, freedom, and equal power. King Louis XIV the king at the time, abolished any government system that was in place at the time. He wanted all of the power for himself, like any other absolutist ruler. When in power, he devoted his time and effort to centralize and control the entire society around his command. He replaced a system in which people worked with each other, instead with himself ruling the society. He was committed to grow and develop a loyal army to use at his command, to collect taxes and enforce his laws. The tax money was used for his army to expand and become more powerful. His ruling style were very similar to the ways of a dictator. The Enlightenment is defined when philosophers and enlightenment thinkers used the idea of reason. (a combination of logic, common sense and research) Reason was used to find solutions to every social, political, and economic problem. It was a new age of new information.The Enlightenment greatly influenced education, religion, cultural, and intellectualism. These ideas were soon widely spread throughout England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the time. Philosophers and enlightenment thinkers thought through the use of reason, people could free themselves from ignorance and thereby become enlightened. The Enlightenment greatly influences how we live today. If philosophers and enlightenment thinkers had not debated the issue of rights, freedom and the role of the government, we would not have had the American or French Revolution. Also we would not have all of the freedoms we enjoy today.Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) Thomas Hobbes was philosopher, political scientist, journalist, and historian. He believed that people were dangerous, greedy, and selfish in their natural state. He thought that people needed a ruler to dictate a strict and obedient lifestyle, in which he supported absolutism. The King either had absolute power or complete anarchy. John Locke (1632–1704) John Locke was a philosopher who said that people were reasonable and had morality. All people were born “blank”, it’s the peoples education and social organizations that determine their behavior and lifestyle. He believed that no King should have absolute power and that the King should have to follow the same rules as the people. John also supported that the people governed have the right to overthrow or revolutionize the government if they are mistreated.Baron de Montesquieu (1689–1755) Baron de Montesquieu was a philosopher, lawyer, government official, and writer. He believed that power should be equally separated into three separate government branches,(executive, legislative and judicial) instead of a King having absolute power. He thought the three branches would avoid a cruel King. This system later influenced many countries in the future such as the United States of America and Canada. The Enlightenment was one of the most influential and important times of history. It greatly impacted and shared it’s ideas with the French and American revolution. It taught the ideas that people could have a better quality life. From all of the philosophers and enlightenment thinkers we must be grateful for what they have done, as they influenced and changed how we live today.