A Fabaceae and Liliaceae (3 Sps each). The family

A wild ethnobotanical survey of plants
used by the traditional healers for the treatment of jaundice was conducted in the
Sadhuragiri hills, a part of Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Paliyar, the
predominant tribal community has its settlements in different areas in the
study region. 40 species of Angiospermic plants, belonging to 36 genera under
25 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against jaundice.
The plant families which contained the most commonly used species for their
effects are Euphorbiaceae and Nyctaginaceae (4 Sps each) followed by,
Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae (3 Sps each). The family
Rutaceae recorded two species and the remaining families noted in this study
recorded one species each. The wild plants were arranged with correct
nomenclature along with their common name, family, the part used and their
medicinal value. For which freshly collected medicinal plant parts are used. The
majority of the formulations are prepared in crushed and ground form. In all
cases, the treatment involved oral administration of the extracts 2 to 3 times
empty stomach early morning daily from a week to month till the problem
disappears. Phyllanthus amarus, Eclipta prostrata, Eclipta alba, Phyllanthus
emblica, Tribulus terrestris and Andrographis paniculata were repeatedly mentioned by the traditional healers as
the most widely used for the treatment of jaundice in the study region. The
study indicates that the local inhabitants rely on medicinal plants for
treatment. This document suggested that further clinical experimentation is
needed to scientifically evaluate these widely used herbal remedies for
possible bioactive effects. These ethnomedicinal data may provide a base to
start the search the new compounds related to phytochemistry, pharmacology and
pharmacognosy. Attention should also be made on proper exploitation and
utilization of these medicinal plants.