A and user friendly segregation system for urban households

A smart city is nothing but a
vision to integrate several information and communication technology Information
and communication technology (ICT) along with Internet of- Things IoT in a way
so as to manage a city assets. To make the cities greener, safer, and more
efficient, Internet of Things (IoT) can play an important role. Improvement in
safety and quality of life can be achieved by connecting devices, vehicles and
infrastructure all around in a city. The city’s assets include, among others,
the local departments, information systems, libraries, schools, hospitals,
waste management systems, transportation systems etc. Currently, Indian cities
accommodate nearly 31 percent of current population and contributes to 63
percent of GDP (Census 2014). Urban areas are expected to house 40 percent of
Indias population and contribute 75 percent of Indias GDP by 2030.Worldwide interest
in Smart Cities has aggrandized, fostered by the need to find effective
remedies to the major challenges foreseen for the next years.

As one of the application of
Smart City, Waste Management in a city is a formidable challenge faced by the
public administrations. Waste is defined as any material in which something
valuable is not being used or is not usable and represents no economic value to
its owner, the waste generator. The generation and disposal of waste in large quantities
has created a greater concern over time for the world which is adversely
affecting the human lives and environmental conditions.Wastes are the one which
grows with the growth of the country. Segregation of waste is important for
proper disposal of vast amount of garbage modern society produces in an
environmentally sensible mode. People became adapted to tossing things away and
never realize the consequences of their action.

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The purpose of this project is
the realization of a compact, low cost and user friendly segregation system for
urban households to streamline the waste management process.so that the waste
is segregated in basic streams and then waste could be reused or recycled.The
benefits of doing so are that a higher quality of the material is retained for recycling
which means that more value could be recovered from the waste. We propose a
smart waste collection system on the basis of level of wastes present in the
waste bins. The data obtained through sensors is transmitted over the Internet
to a server for storage and processing mechanisms. It is used for monitoring
the daily selection of waste bins, based on which the routes to pick several of
the waste bins from different locations are decided. Every day, the workers
receive the updated optimized routes in their navigational devices.Each level
of bin is measured using sensor,if the level reaches the threshold level then
the message and location of bin is sent to the worker.