1 tobacco smoke from others.”6 1. Industry vs. the

 Research by the British scientist Sir
Richard Doll, 1940-50

2. Marketing
health : smoking and the discourse of public health in Britain,1945-2000,
Oxford university press

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3. The
western medical tradition, Cambridge university press

4.  Nazi chic?: Fashioning Women in the Third
Reich, Berg Publishers

5. Tobacco
consumption in Various Countries, London: Tobacco Research Council


 In a 2002 Ohio case involving custody of an
eight year old girl, the court banned the girl’s parents from smoking in her

4. Non-smokers vs. Smokers

respondent cigarette manufacturers were responsible for the death of a smoker
in 1984, because they breached express warranties contained in advertising,
failed to warn consumers about smoking’s hazards, conspired to deprive the
public of medical and scientific information about smoking.8

 3. Smoker vs.

–  Supreme Court of India

“Tobacco is universally regarded as one of the major
public health hazards and is responsible directly or indirectly for an
estimated eight lakh deaths annually in the country”7

2. Non-smokers vs. The law makers

Etienne, Director of the Pan American Health Organization.

“This decision is an acknowledgment of Uruguay’s
continued efforts to protect its population from tobacco use and tobacco smoke
from others.”6

1. Industry vs. the law makers:

case laws portray the intricate circle of war involving permutation and
combination between the industries, the law makers, smokers and non-smokers.

Legal disputes:

German doctors became the first to identify the link between smoking and lung
cancer, Germany initiated a strong anti-tobacco movement3 and
led the first public anti-smoking campaign in modern history.4 Anti-tobacco movements
grew in many nations from the middle of the 19th century; the campaign in
Germany, was the most powerful anti-smoking movement in the world during the
1930s and early 1940s.5 The National Socialist leadership condemned
smoking5. The Nazi anti-tobacco campaign included banning
smoking in trams, buses and city trains, promoting health education.
After the Second World War, the German research
was effectively silenced due to perceived associations with Nazism. However,
the work of Richard Doll in the UK, who again identified the causal
link between smoking and lung cancer in 1952, brought this topic back to attention. Partial controls and
regulatory measures eventually followed
in most parts of the developed world, including partial advertising bans,
minimum age of sale requirements, and basic health warnings on tobacco


can be dated back to as early as 5000 BCE and has been recorded in many
different cultures around the world. Early smoking evolved in association with
religious ceremonies. After European exploration and conquest of Americans, the
practice of smoking tobacco quickly spread to rest of the world. In the
realization of the fact that smoking causes life threatening diseases. During
the 20th century1,
it successfully managed to acquire negative portion in the society. Since then
there began a procession of various movements, legal disputes, followed by
legal initiatives and amendments.

Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and
the resulting smoke is breathed  in to be
tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream. Perception
surrounding tobacco and smoking has varied over time and place: holy and
sinful, sophisticated and vulgar, panacea and deathly health hazard. In some cultures, smoking is also carried out as a
part of various rituals, where participants use it to help
induce trance-like states that, they believe, it can lead them to
“spiritual enlightenment”.

–   R. J. Reynolds, 1990

“They got lips? We want them.”