1) Inclusion- The state of being included According to Schutz, the need for inclusion is the motivation to create and maintain a reasonable association with others. An individual wants to be included as well as making others feel included. Control- To have power over (something). The need for control is the need to develop and maintain a connection with individuals who have a mutual understating of respect. To have the ability to influence other Individuals and our surroundings Affection- A feeling of liking and caring for someone or something; feelings of love. The need for affection is simply the desire to develop and maintain an emotional connection with another individual. These three needs are related to self-esteem in the manner of wanting to feel a part of something. Our need for interactions with others and sharing emotions with them. These things strengthen our relationships leading to individuals having higher self-esteem than those who don’t acquire these interactions and have these needs not met. I believe that out of the three that the need for affection is most important to our relationships because in all relationships whether, family, friends or a significant other we tend to create a strong bond of love and care. In very deep-rooted relationships affection should be both given and received. 2. When looking at the social comparison theory, individuals tend to find their own personal and social worth based on how we are doing when compared to others. When constantly comparing oneself to peers and counterparts can either cause the individual to draw influence and inspiration to strive to do greater things. In the same manner, the social comparison could lead to an individual to feel discouraged thinking that they are not doing as well as their peer, leading to low self-esteem. On the other hand, reflected appraisal states that an individual will tend to think of themselves as others seem them. This too has downfalls. the individual can think that others view them in a positive manner and they will start to believe these positive things. Whereas when others think poorly of an individual it will lead to that individual feeling less and stuck in a negative mindset. 3. Two advantages of being a high self-monitor: These individuals are, in most circumstances, good at figuring out what others are thinking and feeling. They also are good at making good, lasting impressions Two advantages of being a low self-monitor: These individuals often tend to be very straightforward communicators, they also spend less energy and time on their behavior and appearance. 4. When you first encounter a racist/prejudice, I would say that the most appropriate way to handle it would kindly let the individual know that they are being insensitive to those racial and ethnic groups. They should learn to judge less and accept others for what they are. 5. I believe that most people tend to have an initial thought of an individual upon first meeting them, very often becoming stereotypical. I also do believe that these people should look past their initial thought of that individual and learn more about the other. As hard as it is to say, one of the most common stereotypical thoughts would arise when I hear a person speaking something other than English. My first thought is most likely along the line of ” is this person from the US?” “are they here legally?”. Of course, these thoughts are short lived as I remind myself that we are such a beautiful, diverse county and that I, myself have no room to judge. I believe that my surroundings, including our current president and many individuals in politics, as well as the internet create these ideas and stereotypes about certain groups of people.