1. As Americans arrived West during the Western Expansion, describe in detail using evidence, how the lives of the Native Americans changed? Cite specific examples of people, places, and events. Use primary source quotes. “When a white army battles Indians and wins, it is called a great victory, but if they lose it is called a massacre.” – Chiksika, ShawneeBeginning on the East coast America always sought after westward expansion. During the nineteenth century the U.S. grew immensely in population, size, and power. At the time we wanted to expand westward to keep growing the power and influence that the United States had upon the world. This resulted in Native Americans being treated unfairly and unjustly due to us as a nation removing them from where they stayed and lived for many years. This movement of native Americans forced them to change their lives in many ways. This includes having to adapt to new climates, meals, land, population size, and many other factors.Over the years that America was growing we had always created conflicts with native Americans. We wanted land for mining, ranching, and farming whereas the native Americans wanted land to be able to hunt and gather. We as a country at the time believed any civilization that was not white and not christian was inferior and primitive to us, so we would use our power against them to strengthen our nation while weakening other civilizations. There were tons of conflict between the United States forcing native Americans to live in Indian reservations due us secluding them as well as the land being sub-par so it would normally be hard to grow crops and hunt. The bison of the United States was the native Americans main food and clothing source, and due to industrialization and game hunting the Euro-Americans wanted to essentially kill of all bison, making native american food gathering, shelter building, and cloth making much harder.The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 more than doubled the size of America. This allowed us to explore and eventually settle in new places that had better farming, climate, transportation, and or land. Americans did not want to stop expanding, though. The nation was a stand still on exploring though, due to the U.S. trying to resolve conflicts between the United States, Britain and France. The war of 1812 (1809 – 1815) ended this conflict and allowed for the United States to resume westward exploration and expansion. The only problem was that we kept trying to move native Americans away from the places we were trying to expand into.At the end of the 1830s, almost no native Americans lived in the territories of Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Florida. This was due to the federal government forcing them to leave so that Americans could grow cotton in these locations instead. Native Americans were forced to walk thousands of miles west toward specially designed Indian territories across the Mississippi River. This treacherous journey was known as the Trail of Tears. Many Americans at the time saw native Americans as inferior. To resolve this issue men like George Washington believed the solution was to make the native Americans live in a culture and adapt to what the white man did and essentially takes away every cultural aspect that made native Americans unique. In 1830, Andrew Jackson as president signed the Indian Removal Act, allowing the federal government to exchange any native american owned land east of the Mississippi for land in the west – where present day Oklahoma is.Native American life at the time was horrible as they were forced at gunpoint to leave everything they had built and forming in their communities to move westward and be excluded from everybody else. They had to leave most things behind, and the journey was a deathly one, 4,000 native Americans died during the Trail of Tears. This was 3.8% of the total Native American population which was wiped out within a few years just because the Americans wanted to own the land they resided on and grow more crops. After surviving the journey to the new lands that native Americans were forced to live in, they would come to find the living conditions were still horrible. This was due to them not having enough resources to fight back and win any independence over Americans. The land they were moved to was far from ideal to continue farming and hunting the types of crops and animals that the native Americans had been living off for centuries. Native Americans survived and pushed through many hardships over the course of westward expansion. Luckily in 1968 the Indian Civil Rights Act was passed allowing Native Americans to be treated on both a lawful and social level as equal to all.