1) Caesar, J.
(1984). Saudi Women. The Massachusetts Review, 25(4), 619-635.
Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/25089604
The author focuses on the life of the women’s living in Saudi Arabia.
The aim of the Journal is to know why “women’s lib in Saudi Arabia” or “Saudi
women content with their lot”. Starting with interviewing women in Middle East
finding out how happy they are with the law and the rights given, through a
series of examples while interviewing them and learning that they don’t have
any clue or idea how western women live and have the rights, such as western
women are treated as the same as men.
Arab women were confused, frustrated, cynical, annoyed and etc with their
culture and the way of living, by giving examples of gender rates, love, veils
and etc that show the cultural and law input. Therefore the main limitation of
the journal is that it shows how Saudi women live and have different rights
then compare to western women’s. In contrast this Journal shows who is happier
than other American or Saudi women’s.
2) Sida, (2001).Discussing
Women’s Empowerment: Theory and practice, 10-117. Retrieved from http://www.sida.se/contentassets/5e45d330e16743179cefc93de34e71ac/discussing-womens-empowerment—theory-and-practice_1626.pdf
The author focuses the early investigation which was held in the year
(2000) to make a decisions on the latest debates or gender and empowerment by
the specialist and researchers in Sweden. The (SIDA) Swedish International
Development Cooperation Agency noticed that gender policies are being
developed, the time had come to move from treating the mark of gender imbalance
looking at the problem and find the cause and solve it. This archive involves
papers introduced by researchers and specialists. The main issues that covered
include the need to perceive the concept of how recommended procedures of empowering
may abuse, how culture ignores women from statuses of power, and how women in
countries like Mexico are developing the change in gender relationship and
political culture, and the way how Muslim community can use to reduce gender
difference and inequality of power.
3) Pillai, V.,
& Wang, G. (1999). REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: AN
ASSESSMENT OF REGIONAL VARIATIONS. Michigan Sociological Review, 13, 10-27.
Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40969033
The author discusses cross regional variation in women’s right in
various countries. The abortion or birth right and personal rights are the two
types to marriage and contraceptive use, are analyzed. It is discovered that the regional variation in
the birth rights are exceptionally pronounced. Therefore, there is a sign homogeneity
as for the personal rights to marriage rights and the rights for the marriage,
and for divorce. Just in a region, like the Middle-East or North Africa,
differs essentially from the three other regions.
4) McDaniel, A.
(2008). Measuring Gender Egalitarianism: The Attitudinal Difference between Men
and Women. International Journal of Sociology, 38(1), 58-80. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20628319
It is discussed that Gender egalitarianism is usually a research on
women’s status, however it has to comprehend a large number of countries for
variable measurement. Therefore, studies suggested to examine the difference
between men’s and women’s attitudes toward gender equality. This article aims
to overcome these shortcomings. Applying factor analysis to the World Values
Survey data, he created a composite index of gender egalitarianism for Western
and non-Western countries. he begin with an extended model for a limited number
of countries of 38 and predict the value of this index for all countries for
which data are available 67.This new index can be used in further research on
the causes and effects of gender egalitarianism in a more diverse set of
countries than previously available; it is sound methodologically.
Substantively, this article contributes to the discussion on the difference
between men’s and women’s gender egalitarian attitudes. Specifically, the
results show that in less egalitarian countries women’s attitudes toward gender
equality are significantly stronger than men’s, while in more egalitarian
countries, women’s and men’s attitudes in this domain are practically the same.