1) 6 main failures of Hinduism as detailed by


1) (Smith 82-92; 92-99) Comprehensively explain the life of
Buddha. Why is he called ‘the man who woke up?’ Give two or more examples of
key events in his life that have a significant role in his development of
Buddhist philosophical doctrine. In addition, explain how Buddha was a backlash
response to 3 or more of the 6 main failures of Hinduism as detailed by Smith.
People came to the Buddha as if they were coming to talk to Jesus asking what
he was. People would ask What are you? Are you an angel? Etc; and all the
Buddha answered back was “I am awake”. Buddha means the “enlightened one” or
the “awakened one”.  One of the examples
of key events that had a significant role in his development was to join a band
of ascetics and give their way an honest try. The experience taught him the
fulity of asceticism. Anther example is he devoted the final phase of his quest
to a combination of rigorous thought and mystic concentration along the lines
of raja yoga. Buddha was a backlash because Buddhism does not have rituals like


2) (Smith 99-112; Diamond Sutra scripture) Define and
explain dukkha and tanha, also explaining the 4 noble truths. Give one or more
example of the role that one or more of the noble truths play in the teachings
expressed in the Diamond Sutra. the definition of tanha refers to “thirst,
desire, longing, greed”, either physical or mental. The definition of
dukkha is as “suffering”, “pain” or”unsatisfactoriness”.
The first noble truth is that life is dukkha. The Second one is the origin of
Dukkha, it teaches that the cause of suffering is greed or desire. The third one
is the cessation of craving, it holds out hope for a cure. The last one is
eightfold path, it prescribes the treatment for our illness.

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3) (Smith 103-12) Explain the steps of the eightfold path.
Give one or more instance where a step in the eightfold path comes from his
biographical narrative. Give one or more instance of a step of the Eightfold
Path appearing in the Diamond Sutra (besides mindfulness—reserve that for the
next question). There are eights steps of the eightfold path. The eightfold
path is basically a path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from
samsara, the painful cycle of rebirth. Step 2 right intent the buddha has to
make up his mind weather or not to take the leap to become a buddha.


4) (Smith 109-112; Diamond Sutra scripture) Explain in
detail the practice of mindfulness (step 7) giving two or more specific
examples of its role in the Diamond Sutra scripture. According to the Diamond
Sutra teaching on the practice of mindfulness, explain the reasoning behind the
necessary tie made between nonattachment and compassion. If we could really
understand life, if we could really understand ourselves, we would find neither
a problem. for people that see themselves as socially engaged compassion and
detachment can be inconsistent. Compassion brings sympathy towards others.


5) (Smith 114-17; 117-19; Diamond Sutra scripture) Explain
the ‘no soul’ doctrine and how it relates to Buddha’s concept of transmigration.
In addition, what are Buddha’s 3 marks of existence? Explain in particular how
the ‘doctrine of impermanence’ (as one of the 3 marks of existence) plays such
an essential role in the Diamond Sutra argument for the no-self/no-soul
doctrine. Buddha said that the human does not have a soul. He does believe that
reincarnation was a factor in some way, but he was critical to the way his
Brahmanic concept. Buddhas 3 marks of existence are suffering, impermanence,
and not self. The doctrine of impermanence plays a role in the diamond sutra
argument because if you know what impermanence means you’ll know that not
everything last forever.